Day by Day Itinerary
Type Service: Group Tour
Destinations: Cusco, Sacred Vallley, Inca Trail, Machu Picchu
Activities: Trekking and Walking,Cultural and History,Family
Day 1 - Arrival to Cusco - City Sightseeing Tour
Upon arrival, reception and transfer to your Cusco Hotel; where you'll be welcomed with coca infusion tea (“mate de coca”) that will help
you to get used to the altitude - free morning to take a leisurely walk around the ancient capital of the Incas or to acclimatize to the high altitude setting. After lunch at 1:30pm; Cusco tour including the Cathedral, Koricancha, Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Pucapucara and Tambomachay. Our tour will beginning on to the Main Square of Cusco. You'll enter the Cathedral of Cusco and see the beautiful woodwork and colonial paintings containing extensive Incan iconography. Visit the Korikancha (Temple of the Sun) on which the Santo Domingo Convent was built. Legend says this temple was completely gold coated,
which impressed the conquerors upon their arrival. Ascend to the Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuaman and visit the Cuidadela. This is the royal house where they admired the Sun God but also worshiped younger gods. Admire this large structure and enjoy the magnificent
landscape which brings peace and tranquility. Next, visit Qenqo, the old temple of the Puma. Inside you can see a sacrificial altar made of a huge stone. At Tambomachay, you'll see the sacred fountains of life and health. Pucapucara
safeguarded the city gates and the Fortress of Sacsayhuaman. The tour ends with a detailed visit of the city of Cusco.
Meals Included: None
Day 2 - Sacred Valley of the Incas
Breakfast at the hotel; pick up from the hotel at
8:30am for your full day tour to the impressive Sacred Valley of the Incas, explore the beautiful Peruvian countryside with a full-day tour of the magical Sacred Valley. First place, you will visit the town of Pisaq, famous for its bustling market. This native town was once where “exchange transactions” took place. In this type of transaction, customers would exchange one good for another instead of using currency. Visit the market of Pisaq where you can purchase beautifully crafted products hand-made by
the locals. On Sunday, the main attraction is a mass celebrated in Quechua and conducted in Spanish. It is attended by the mayors and their
attendants who play traditional musical instruments called "pututos."
Afterwards, you'll enjoy a typical Peruvian lunch (included in price) before visiting the fortress of Ollantaytambo.
Next, you will visit the impressive ruins of Ollantaytambo fortress. These magnificent ancient ruins serve as great vantage points to look out over the valley. Originally the royal estate of Emperor Pachakuteq during the Inca Empire, this site later served as a stronghold for Manco Inca Yupanqui in the Inca´s final rebellion against the Spanish. In the afternoon back to Cusco - Overnight at Cusco Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Day 3 – Train to km 104 – Hike the Inca Trail
Breakfast at the hotel; our representative will pick you up from your Cusco Hotel and you'll be transferred to the Poroy railway station to enjoy 3 ½ hour scenic rail tour to Aguas Calientes.
The train will take us to km 104 (starting point of the hike), we start visiting the Chachabamba archaeological site (2150m/7052ft), hike upon an 8 km ascending trail, which after 4 hours takes us to the archaeological site of Wiñay Wayna (2650m/8692ft). This is an impressive site made up of an agricultural center with numerous terraces, a religious sector and an urban sector, and then we go on and climb to the Sun Gate. From this fabulous spot, we may contemplate the sacred citadel of Machu Picchu. Then we take the bus down to Aguas Calientes. Dinner at Aguas Calientes restaurant - Overnight at Aguas Calientes Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Total distance: Total distance: 13 km (8, 08 miles)
Estimated walking time: Estimated walking time: 6-7 hours
Maximum altitude point: Maximum altitude point: (2650m/8692ft)
Day 4 - Full Day Machu Picchu & Back to Cusco
Breakfast at the hotel; full day Excursion to Machu Picchu from Aguas Calientes, early transfer at 5:30am to the Bus Stop for the short
ride (25 minutes) up to the citadel of Machu Picchu. Upon arrival, you will participate in a guided tour of the Citadel, visiting the Main Plaza, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Sun Dial (the most important preserved Intihuatana), the Royal Quarters, the Temple of the Three Windows, houses, warehouses, a large central square; and all connected by narrow roads and steps that are surrounded by terraces cut into the mountain side. After the tour you'll have time to stroll around the Archaeological Site
at your leisure.
Then, you will have time to perform some of the following activities by yourself (not included in the price):
1. Climb to Wayna Picchu; for the most adventurous people, we suggest to go up the Wayna Picchu from where you can appreciate the immensity of Machu Picchu, even more amazing being high and distant.
Lunch at the Sanctuary Lodge Restaurant in Machu Picchu (included in the price)
Train back to Cusco: In the afternoon you'll return to the train station in Aguas Calientes for the trip back to Cusco - train departure to Cusco; upon arrival to Cusco reception and transfer to the Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Day 5 - Depart Cusco
Our representative will assist you and transfer to the airport and say goodbye.
Meals Included: Breakfast
All mentioned land transport (bus, etc.), Hotel accommodation with breakfast, entrance to parks and cultural sights, guided visits and mentioned excursions, English/Spanish speaking guide to accompany visits and excursions, all private transfers, meals as indicated in the itinerary, Train tickets Expedition Class.
Services not included
International airfares, domestic flights, airport departure (US$ 30 per person for international flights and US$ 6.5 for national flights) taxes or visa fees, excess baggage charges, additional nights during the trip due to flight cancellations, alcoholic beverages or bottled water, snacks, insurance of any kind, laundry, phone calls, radio calls or messages, reconfirmation of flights and items of personal nature, personal equipment, obligatory personal insurance and meals which are not
mentioned, Entrance fee to Wayna Picchu Mountain.
- Entrance fee to Wayna Picchu mountain; add US$ 20 per person
- Upgrade train service to Vistadome train (First Class); add US$ 50 per
Peru Travel Facts
All of this combined makes Peru one of the most interesting places to volunteer in Latin America.
Here are some of the most interesting facts about Peru.
General facts about Peru
1) There are three official languages
Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are all official languages in Peru.
Spanish is the most widely spoken of the three, with over 80% of Peruvians speaking this language.
But these languages are only the tip of the linguistic iceberg in this South American country.
Once you travel towards the Amazon Jungle, the people local to this region speak an additional 13 languages. Impressive, right?
2) The capital city of Peru is Lima
Prior to the invasion of Peru by the Spanish, Peru was known as Tahuantinsuyo (or the Inca Empire as it is known today), and the most important city in that empire was Qosqo (or Cusco), which means navel of the world. Tahuantinsuyo was the largest empire in the Americas at that time, hence why the city was given its name.
In 1535, Francisco Pizarro – a sixteenth-century Spanish coloniser – established the city of Lima to serve as the seat of power for the Spanish colonists. Lima is still the capital of Peru today.
Today, Lima is home to a third of Peru’s population.
Most visitors to Peru will skip Lima in their excitement to get to Cusco and Machu Picchu. But, Lima has so much to offer to travellers, including the different architectural styles visible in the city centre.
3) The population of Peru is over 33 million
There are more than 33 million people currently living in Peru.
This population is made up of groups from different cultures and backgrounds – including the Uros people, many of who live on islands built of reeds in Lake Titicaca, and the Mashco-Piro tribe, which lives in the Amazon rainforest.
These communities have inhabited the land for over five centuries.
Machu Picchu facts
Erected in the fourteenth century, Machu Picchu – a fortress built by the Incas – lies more than 2,400 metres above sea level in the Sacred Valley.
The Inca city was “lost” for over 400 years when Peru was invaded by the Spanish empire. It was rediscovered in 1911 by explorer, professor and archaeologist Hiram Bingham.
Today, Machu Picchu is a designated United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage Site.
1) Machu Picchu is one of the new Seven Wonders of the World
Intrepid travellers flock to Peru every year to tackle the Inca Trail – a well-known four-day hiking trail on the Andes mountain range that leads to Machu Picchu.
And why is Machu Picchu so popular? It’s one of the places where you can see a number of great examples of Inca architecture and learn about Peruvian history.
In 2007, the site – often referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas” – was voted as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
2) Machu Picchu was an astronomical observatory
Archaeologists have learned that the fourteenth century Incas had an excellent understanding of the alignment of the stars.
The civilisation built each sun temple and the sacred Intihuatana stone to line up with the sun for each solstice.
3) No wheels were used to build Machu Picchu
Despite the fact that Machu Picchu is made up of many stones weighing over 23 kilograms, no wheels were used to transport these rocks up the mountain. It is believed that hundreds of men pushed rocks up the steep mountainside to build this wonder of the world.
Peru natural wonders facts
1) Peru has one of the highest sand dunes in the world
The Cerro Blanco sand dune is the second-highest in the world, towering over the Sechura Desert at 1,176 metres.
The sand dune is located 14 kilometres east of the city of Nazca, so excursions to see the dune are usually organised from there.
When you arrive at the dunes, you can hire a dune buggy or sandboard, and spend hours sliding down one of the largest natural wonders in the world.
2) Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest navigable lake
Located between Bolivia and Peru, Lake Titicaca has an elevation of 3,810 metres above sea level.
But that’s not the only thing that makes this natural wonder stand out.
In the 1970s Jacques Cousteau, a French conservationist, found ruins of a city beneath the surface of Lake Titicaca.
Today, the descendants of the Quechua people who called this lost city home, live on 120 self-made floating islands on the lake.
3) One of the deepest canyons in the world is in Peru
The Cotahuasi Canyon has a depth of more than 3,500 metres.
To put this into perspective, this canyon is twice the depth of the United States’ Grand Canyon.
4) Peru is home to the Nazca Lines
The Nazca Lines are a display of more than 70 giant human and animal geoglyphs – works of art made by rearranging objects within a landscape.
These images are scrawled across the Peruvian terrain near the city of Lima.
They were first brought to the public’s attention by a Peruvian archeologist in 1927.
Today, these lines in the desert plateau between Nazca and Palpa are considered one of the world’s greatest archaeological mysteries.
Some people believe that the Nazca Lines are an ancient alien landing strip, while others think it forms part of a sophisticated astronomical calendar.
Interesting facts about Peru’s food
Did you know that Peru is considered one of the top foodie destinations in the world?
Michelin-star chefs from many different countries fly to Lima and Cusco to learn how to master their trade.
Need more proof about Peru’s gastronomic clout?
Every year since 2012, the country has been named the World’s Leading Culinary Destination by the World Travel Awards.
1) You can eat over 3,500 varieties of potatoes in Peru
The potato is a superfood, containing almost every kind of vitamin you need. It’s birthplace? Peru.
With more than 3,000 types of potato grown in the country, why not sample as many as possible in between conducting English classes, conservation work or community development volunteer work in Peru?
2) Peru is home to one of the best superfoods in the world
Ever heard of the camu camu fruit?
It grows in the Amazon rainforest and has a higher concentration of vitamin C than any other food in the world.
So, if you’re feeling a little jet-lagged after arriving in Peru, stop by the local supermarket, purchase a camu camu and take a bite to give your immune system a much-needed boost!
3) Guinea pigs aren’t pets
If you’re volunteering in Peru during an important cultural festival, keep a lookout for cuy. Cuy is a traditional dish that’s made from roasted guinea pig.
For the adventurous eaters that try this delicacy, it’s worth knowing that guinea pig meat is an even healthier choice than llama meat – and it contains even more protein.
4) Pisco sour is Peru’s national drink
Pisco sour is a Peruvian brandy that is mixed with lemons, sugar, water, egg whites, ice and bitters.
It was invented in the early 1920s by an American bartender. You can also try a version of the drink called chilcano, which is made without the egg whites.
Peru wildlife and flora facts
1) Peru is home to one of the world’s largest flying birds
The Andean condor is native to the Andes mountain range in Peru. It has a wingspan of 3.2 metres, stands at 1.2 metres tall and can weigh up to 15 kilograms. Because of their large size, these birds like to live in windy areas like Peru’s Colca Canyon, where they can use the air current to glide for hours with minimal effort.
The bird features on four national shields: Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador.
The Andean condor is listed as “vulnerable” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. They are under threat due to poisoning, habitat loss, illegal hunting and the wildlife trade, as well as increased competition for food by feral dog populations.
2) Peru is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world
One of the most interesting facts about Peru is that it has 90 different microclimates – climates that are restricted to a small area, and different from surrounding climates.
So it’s no wonder that the country is home to a wide variety of wildlife and plant species.
One of the best places to go to grasp the sheer range of its diversity is the Manu National Park. This park holds a biodiversity record after recording more than 1,000 species of birds, 1,200 species of butterflies, and 287 species of amphibians and reptiles in 2014.
Another great place to experience this is in the Yanachaga-Chemillen National Park, home to the Amazon cloud forest. With GVI, you can live and work in the park, which will give you the opportunity to experience the incredible biodiverisity found in this special place. You’ll assist in monitoring the return of certain mammals to the area, including armadillos, agoutis and ocelots. Most recently, we have even captured images of pumas and a spectacled bear in the area – a good indication that more animals are returning to the forest.
3) The tallest flowering plant grows in Peru
The Puya raimondii can grow to a height of five metres.
This plant takes between 80 and 150 years to flower. And, once it does, it can produce over 30,000 white blooms.
It’s only found in the high Andes, growing at an elevation of 3,000–4,800 metres above sea level.
4) The Amazon rainforest covers almost two thirds of Peru
Part of the Amazon rainforest, the Peruvian Amazon covers 60% of the country and is home to around 20% of all bird species in the world. You’ll also find 700 types of ferns and 7,322 different species of flowering plants, as well as roughly 180 species of reptiles, 262 amphibians, 293 mammals, 697 fish, 806 birds and 2,500 butterflies.
5) Three-quarters of the world’s alpacas live in Peru
Over 3.5 million alpacas call Peru their home. So don’t be surprised if a curious alpaca or two find their way into your picture when you visit this beautiful country.